Overview: Online Sports Betting In Washington
Sports betting in Washington is a reality on paper. Governor Jay Inslee signed sports betting into law in March 2020. However, Washington has no sportsbooks open. Since sports betting remains limited to tribal casinos, Washington must renegotiate its tribal gaming compacts to allow sports betting. However, those negotiations are still in progress. And until those negotiations are complete, no one can offer retail sportsbooks.
So, Washington bettors remain stuck.
However, there’s a new push to legalize sports betting commercially. It’s spearheaded by Eric Persson, CEO of Maverick Gaming. Persson’s company is based in Nevada, but he has acquired many of Washington’s cardrooms. His first push to allow commercial sports betting in 2020 failed. However, the pandemic has made Washington lawmakers more receptive to the promise of additional revenue. But commercial gaming puts lawmakers at odds with tribal casinos. It’s a bitter conflict that will intensify with Persson’s lobbying efforts.
Washington’s Messy Casino Landscape
Washington has two types of casinos: tribal casinos and cardrooms. Tribal casinos are what you expect. They’re casinos run by the state’s indigenous American tribes. Profits fund tribal communities in a similar way that tax dollars fund public services. So, tribes are incentivized to run casinos well to begin with.
And Washington’s tribes deliver. They’re more popular than Washington’s cardrooms. Cardrooms are mini-casinos where bettors play against the house and not each other. Some of the reasons tribal casinos outperform cardrooms include:
- Smoking bans affect the cardrooms but not tribal casinos – depressing customer turnout at commercial cardrooms.
- Cardrooms are easy to start – new entrants attract old customers, so old cardrooms struggle to remain profitable.
- Tribal casinos are growing – it further complicates cardrooms’ efforts to remain competitive.
Cardrooms are basically unimpressive casinos, making tribal casinos natural gaming destinations. However, Washington’s casino industry has one unique twist.
Washington is the only state that does not realize any revenue from tribal gaming.
Even when tribes in other states aren’t directly taxed, gaming compacts often allow for states to gain something. North Carolinian tribes pay a set amount to state problem gambling programs. In contrast, Michigan tribes pay set percentages of their gaming revenues to state gaming and economic funds. There are many ways for states to compromise and profit from tribal gaming.
But Washington makes no such compromise, which makes gaming expansions unpopular. Some representatives resent that non-tribal taxpayers don’t realize any gains from tribal gaming. Tribal Gaming Associates retort that “tribal gaming is government gaming,” however. Gaming funds tribal programs that keep them self-reliant and out of the state budget. This is the debate that Eric Persson’s company waded into.
How Eric Persson Tried To Stake A Claim In Washington
Eric Persson’s company owns almost half of Washington’s commercial cardrooms. So, he has a big stake in expanding commercial sports betting. Introducing sportsbooks would increase cardroom revenue, state tax revenue, and jobs for people willing to operate the sportsbooks. Legalizing sports betting at commercial facilities would be a particularly business-friendly decision.
However, it would take the sports betting monopoly from tribal casinos. It would be good for the marketplace, but tribal casinos would take a hit. That means tribal communities would lose some revenue, too. Persson’s lobbying gives the tribes a powerful incentive to hang on to their sports betting monopoly. Also, Washington’s tribes are politically active too, and they’re not afraid to fight to maintain their industry advantage.
But Persson’s company gained steam in the wake of the pandemic. SB 5212 would allow cardrooms to offer sports betting, too. It would break the tribal monopoly on sports betting and increase revenue throughout the commercial industry. As nearby Oregon transitions to a free-market sports betting industry, Washington’s legislative battle is important to watch for the Northwest.
What About Online Sports Betting?
SB 5212 would legalize online sports betting in Washington. However, mobile apps and websites would be limited to a cardroom’s or casino’s property. So, bettors would be able to bet online. They would just have to travel to a casino or cardroom to do it.
Obviously, that would defeat the purpose of introducing online sports betting. The appeal lies in being able to place wagers from home. Watching the game on your prize plasma screen has an appeal that even the finest sports bar can’t satisfy. In its current form, Washington mobile sports betting is a superficial offering.
Washington Online Sports Betting
Online sports betting isn’t available statewide in Washington, and bettors shouldn’t expect it to be any time soon. Washington has a history of strict gambling restrictions. Limiting online sports betting to a casino or cardroom’s property is on-brand for the state. Eric Persson will likely continue lobbying for commercial gaming expansions while tribal authorities try to hold him at bay. But Persson has gained momentum in 2021, making commercial sports betting a real possibility for Washington.
However, Washington’s tribes are not a monolith. In 1995, Washington voters rejected an initiative to allow unrestricted gambling on tribal lands. Some tribes voted against this measure because of the divide between large urban tribes and small rural ones. Washington gaming measures have always been contentious among every conceivable group, and any expansion will be notable.
Washington only legalized sports betting in March 2020 because of an emergency clause that allowed the Governor to sign the bill into law without a vote. It was passed as the pandemic lockdowns swept the country, so it’s unsurprising to see the emergency clause used. (The fact that a vote would require a 60% majority also makes the emergency clause unsurprising.) But Washington’s current efforts are not going to create the thriving sports betting market that other states enjoy. There’s a lot of compromise and litigation between Washington and a sports betting industry that best serves Washington bettors.